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June 30, 2022

If you’re like me, then you probably have a hard time deciding which web framework to use for your next project. There are so many options out there, and it can be tough to know which one is the best fit for your needs. To help make your decision easier, I’ve put together a list of the 10 best web frameworks for building websites.

What Is a Web Application Framework?

Before we discuss the best web frameworks, let’s first understand these terms to ensure we are on the same page.

A web application framework is a tool that helps you build software applications, including web services and web application programming interfaces (APIs).

Software frameworks in general are preset configurations that provide a foundation to begin a software project.

Frameworks aim to help you build apps by structuring them around the basic assumption that you might need certain features.

Developers save time by relying on a skeleton of their product’s requirements, allowing them to scale their project up.

Software development frameworks can provide developers with several features that can optimize and streamline the software development life cycle. These features are often what entice developers to use a particular framework in the first place. The programming languages that frameworks are based on are also critical and can influence the capabilities of the framework.

The programming languages that frameworks are based on are just as critical and can heavily influence the potential of said frameworks.

Different types of applications require different types of software. Mobile apps, for example, use mobile app development tools, while web applications need web development tools.

Websites and web applications are distinct, but web frameworks apply to both.

Websites, on the other hand, are geared more towards providing users with information. While both web applications and websites can be interactive, web apps are designed to offer a richer experience with complex functionality, while websites focus on delivering content.

Websites provide users with information in a more subtle way than other applications.

This is why the streaming giant Netflix is considered a web application, and visiting the Internal Revenue Service’s website isn’t exactly enjoyable.

Frameworks are the groundwork for full-fledged web applications.

As people’s patience for traditional websites decreases, the need for interactive web applications grows. And, of course, these applications owe their thanks to web frameworks that allow developers to create them.

Frameworks for web applications empower web developers to create apps more efficiently.

Web apps have been around for a while, but they’ve been facing some stiff competition from mobile apps as of late.

While smartphones are highly popular, it doesn’t mean that mobile apps are always better than websites.

Web traffic has been steadily increasing over the past few years. The top 100 sites receive an average of 223 billion monthly visits. This demonstrates the importance of web applications and how they are used by many people on a daily basis.

A web application framework is a tool that helps developers build and maintain web apps. Some of the most popular web apps, like Facebook, Youtube, and Netflix, rely on web application frameworks.

Any tech company should strive to complete a project with the success of websites like these.

Here, you will learn about the most common web app development frameworks that are crucial for building a successful app.

There are many different frameworks available, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The 10 frameworks listed here are some of the most popular and widely used frameworks today.

Why You Need Web Frameworks

Web development frameworks are an integral part of building websites.

There are many reasons they are so popular.

  • You can build robust, interactive web applications with web application frameworks.
  • Integrated web frameworks allow for the development of both frontend and backend.
  • Your website’s chances of success increase dramatically when there is more interaction from users.
  • They simplify and reduce the complexity of web development and maintenance.
  • These frameworks are thoroughly tested by millions upon millions of coders to avoid common pitfalls, errors, and security breaches.
  • The overall programming process becomes more organized and systemized.
  • A web framework takes care of all the background details, such as data binding or configuration settings.

1. Reduce Code Length

You can be involved in a general task for hours or days, with many lines of code. A web development framework that is well-designed would make it easy for developers to:

  • Concentrate on the client’s unique needs.
  • Build websites and apps much faster.
  • Increase productivity in the same period.

2. Reinforce Security

It takes many months to develop and release a web framework. To make them more secure, updates and patches are frequently released. Many popular frameworks have strong support teams or developers.

You can rest assured that experts will take care of any issue with such advanced support and security features.

3. Ease Debugging and App Maintenance

Many frameworks are supported by a strong developer community. They are quick to address any issues you might encounter while using the framework.

4. Cost-Effective

Most web application frameworks are free and open-source. The development process is much faster because most of the templates are already in place.

These two factors alone are responsible for a dramatic reduction in the per-unit development cost. It also facilitates the delivery of projects quickly.

Types Of Web Frameworks

There are two types of web development frameworks: frontend and backend.

The frontend web frameworks are responsible for the look and feel of the website. They determine how the website will be laid out and how users will interact with it. The most popular front-end web frameworks are React, Vue, Ember, Bootstrap, and Angular.

The backend web frameworks are responsible for the functionality of the website. They provide the means by which users can interact with the data stored on the server. The most popular backend web frameworks are Django, Ruby On Rails, Spring, Express, and ASP.NET Core.

A web development platform, or web app, is a software system that makes building a website easier.

Frameworks, such as Ruby on Rails, contain extensive collections of libraries and pre-built components that developers can use to build web applications.

These tools can help you develop secure web services and APIs.

A web application framework can be thought of as a pre-built structure that helps manage common and repetitive processes when developing a website. This can save time and energy when creating a new website, as many of the processes will already be taken care of by the framework.

Frontend web frameworks usually offer tools for UIUX designing, SEO optimization, performance optimization, and scalability. To develop the front end of any website, client-side markup (HTML), and scripting (CSS, JavaScript, and jQuery) languages are used.

A front-end web development platform provides pre-made, customizable templates for building websites.

HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and JQuery are some of the most popular front-end programming languages.

They may also include compiled languages like Java and C#. A backend or server-side framework is a library of tools and modules that help in building the architecture of a website.

These frameworks are primarily focused on server-based programming languages such as Ruby on Rails, Node.js, and Django. They may include other languages such as Objective-C and C++.

They may include programming languages such as C, C++, and Python.

Some of the benefits include easy data connection, authentication, and third-party integrations.

10 Best Web Frameworks in 2022 

These are the most robust backend frameworks you can learn in 2022.

Frameworks are an integral part of web development. As web application standards continue to rise, so does the complexity and importance of the technology required.

That’s why frameworks are endorsed by thousands worldwide. A web app has both a backend (server-side) and a frontend (client-side).

1. Express

Express is rapidly becoming the most popular framework for web development due to Node.js’s increasing popularity. It’s popular with Accenture, IBM, Uber, and other companies. It also works well with other frameworks like Sails, Kraken, and Loopback.

Express is a minimalist, fast, and unopinionated framework. It provides core framework functionality without obscured Node features and leverages the robust performance provided by the asynchronous Node.js.

It is flexible and supports both full applications and REST API. Express’ biggest problem is that there is no set way to do things, at least not for beginners.

2. Django

Django is a Model-View-Template framework that uses Python for web development. This framework is used by big names like Google, Youtube, and Instagram.

One of the coolest features of Django is that it includes a lot of commonly used features such as Authentication and Messaging. It adheres to the Convention Over Configuration and Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) principles.

Django’s security is crucial. Django offers developers the tools and techniques to create secure websites or implement security features in the framework, such as preventing code execution at the template layer. 

3. Rails

Rails is a model-view-controller (MVC) framework for the programming language, Ruby. It’s a very popular and well-loved programming tool.  Rails is used primarily by Hulu, Shopify, Airbnb, and GitHub.

Rails is a beginner-friendly framework. The fact that pros and cons can be debated makes it easy for beginners to get started in web development.

Rails has many useful gems. These libraries will help you develop your applications faster. The Ruby on Rails community is friendly and there are many resources available to help you become an expert.

The biggest problem with Rails is the effort required to deploy them and run them in a production environment. The learning curve for rails increases as you dig deeper into the framework and discover the secrets behind it.

4. Laravel

The MVC framework of Laravel uses PHP, which is popular for web development. It is fairly new compared to some other similar tools.

Laravel ships with API support and a decent number of packages that can be extended its reach. Laracasts is a tutorials website that provides screencasts on PHP, Laravel, and the frontend technologies of the Laravel ecosystem. It could be considered a beginner’s paradise. Laravel isn’t as fast as Express or Django, which could be a problem for large projects.

5. Spring

The Spring model-view-controller (MVC) is a web framework for building web applications in Java. This platform is used on sites like Ticketmaster and WIX. It has many related projects that can help you boost performance and grow your company.

Spring uses Java, which is a strong-typed language and a huge advantage for web developers. Even though the learning curve is steep, it’s possible to master it if you know Java.

6. Angular

Angular is a front-end framework that specializes in building rich Single-Page apps. It’s a dynamic framework that can build complete client-side apps. There’s so much to learn and do in Angular.

The original version of AngularJS was coded in JavaScript. However, later versions were written in TypeScript, which is a superset of JS.

The biggest drawback of Angular is that it is not optimized for search engines. However, it can still be made to be search engine-friendly. It is currently being used by Microsoft, PayPal, and Google.

7. React

React is not a framework. It’s a frontend toolkit. However, many developers consider it to be a framework. The first library to adopt component-based architecture was React, which Vue and Angular both eventually followed.

React’s virtual dom speeds up the dom-manipulation and is easy to learn, mainly due to its JSX syntax. React can be used client-side or server-side. It was created and maintained by Facebook. Instagram and Facebook use it.

8. Vue

Vue.js has been a rising star since its inception as an individual project. It quickly grew to become one of the most popular JS frameworks. Vue has many great features. Vue is a progressive framework. This means that you can use Vue to manage a portion of an existing project.

It also includes the component architecture, which can be used to build complete frontend apps. Vue is not supported by large companies like Google and Facebook, so some people are hesitant to use it. However, this is rapidly changing as major names are beginning to invest in Vue.

9. Ember

Ember was voted the best Javascript framework in 2015. The Ember community is huge today. It’s constantly growing with new features and releases.

Ember has the two-way data binding feature that Angular claims, and you can use it out of the box with a variety of components and features.

This framework is used frequently by Google, Microsoft, Heroku, and Netflix.

Ember is focused on the developer’s productivity. It attempts to maximize it by avoiding time-wasting activities, and by implementing some best practices in JavaScript.

10. Backbone

Backbone is a lightweight front-end framework, which can be used to build rich single-page applications. It implements the MVC design partly and follows an MV* pattern. Backbone has only one core dependency, the Underscore library. It has a vibrant ecosystem that, when combined with Marionette and Mustache, allows you to build complete client-side apps.

Conclusion

If you’re looking for a web framework that will help you build a great website, then any of the options on our list would be a good choice. However, if you’re still undecided, then I recommend doing some further research to find the best fit for your specific needs. Whichever option you choose, just make sure to keep the 10 best web frameworks in mind!

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